Nupe Time Chart


The Pre-Historic Timely Chart of Nupe Kingdom  are as follows (Dr. Ama Ndagi Abdullahi).


The following are the lists of some Pre-Historic Timely Chart of Nupe Kingdom.

640 – Kisra migrations into KinNupe

1068 – El-Bakri, the Arab historian, mentioned the kingdom of Yisa located in KinNupe

1200 – Yisa Nupe civil war mentioned by S.H.R. Palmer

1320 – Nupe waged war against Katsina

1349-1385 – Aliyu Yaji, first Muslim king of Kano attacked by the Nupe kingdom of AtaGara

1350 – Ibn Batuta mentioned the Nupe Nation as Yufi

1505 – Western half of KinNupe conquered by Songhai Empire.

1582 – The Kano Chronicle made mentioned of Nupeko Kororofa

1641 – Muslim scholars, of Yemeni origins, came from Borno to settle among the people of Kutigi and Enagi.

1652 – Etsu Muhammadu Wari became the Etsu Nupe.

1661 – Etsu Muhammadu Wari died.

1661 – Etsu Abdullahi Waliyi became Etsu Nupe.

1681 – Etsu Abdullahi Waliyi died.

1681 – Etsu Aliyu became Etsu Nupe.

1690 – Etsu Aliyu died.

1690 – Etsu Ganamace became Etsu Nupe.

1713 – Etsu Ganamace died.

1713 – Etsu Ibrahim became Etsu Nupe.

1717 – Etsu Ibrahim died.

1717 – Etsu Idirisu became Etsu Nupe.

1721 – Etsu Idirisu died.

1721 – Etsu Abdullahi Tsado became Etsu Nupe.

1742 – Etsu Abdullahi Tsado died.

1742 – Etsu Abubakar Kolo became Etsu Nupe.

1746 – Etsu Abubakar Kolo died.

1746 – Etsu Jibirilu became Etsu Nupe.

1749 – Etsu Jibirilu overthrown from power by Etsu Mu’azu.

1749 – Etsu Mu’azu became Etsu Nupe.

1757 – Etsu Mu’azu overthrown from power by Etsu Majiya I.

1757 – Etsu Majiya I became Etsu Nupe.

1777 – Etsu Majiya I died.

1777 – Etsu Iliyasu became Etsu Nupe.

1778 – Etsu Iliyasu overthrown by Etsu Mu’azu.

1778 – Etsu Mu’azu became Etsu Nupe for the second time.

1795 – Etsu Mu’azu died.

1795 – Etsu Mamman became Etsu Nupe.

1796 – Etsu Mamman died.

1796 – Nupe Empire shattered into two rival kingdoms: the Eastern and Western Nupe kingdoms.

1796 – Etsu Jimada became Etsu Nupe over the Eastern Nupe kingdom with headquarters at Gbara and Zhima.

1796 – Etsu Majiya II became Etsu Nupe over the Western Nupe kingdom with headquarters at Zugurma.

1800 – Igbomina people fled to KinNupe; they are now found in Tsaragi as the Yoruba half of Tsaragi town.

1809 – Samuel Ajayi Crowther born

1804-1857 – The Mallam Dendo dynasts in Bida extended their rule over the Kontagora area

1809 – Samuel Ajayi Crowther born

1810 – The Battle of Fogbe: Daudu Maza conquered Fogbe for Mallam Babba

1810 – John Ezzidio born

1810 – Etsu Majiya I died.

1810 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe founder of the Kontagora Emirate, born.

1810 – Increased migration of foreign Jihadists into KinNupe.

1814 – Daudu Maza fought the Battle of Duma

1816 – Daudu Maza obtain a flag of recognition from Sokoto

1817 – Shehu Usmanu Dan Fodiyo died

1817 – Daudu Maza laid an unsuccessful siege on the Gbagyi village of Gawun

1818 – Daudu Maza conquered Gawu

1818 – Agbara, the Chief of Bukwo, laid an unsuccessful siege on Lapai

1819 – Daudu Maza obtain a Flag of recognition from Gwandu

1819 – Etsu Mu’azu died.

1820 – Dabo, the Nupe man from Gulu, became emir of Kano

1821 – Daudu Maza unsuccessfully tried to conquer Abaji

1822 – Mallam Babba established the Agaie Emirate

1825 – Daudu Maza turbaned as the first Emir of Lapai Emirate

1825 – Makau, the king of Suleja, was killed in an unsuccessful attack on Lapai

1825 – Etsu Jimada killed by Etsu Zubairu Majiya at Ragada

1826 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya declared sole Etsu Nupe of the whole of the Nupe Nation.

1826 – Prince Isa, son of late Etsu Jimada, hidden by Jimada supporters at Adamalelu.

1826 – The Battle of Ilorin or Mugba Mugba Battle

1826 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya defeated by Etsu Isa and the Mallams (Dendo and Alimi) at the Battle of Ilorin or Mugba Mugba Battle.

1826 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya fled on exile to Mule in Zugurma and then to Agwara in Kambari land.

1826 – Etsu Isa declared the new Etsu Nupe.

1826 – Etsu Isa chose Edun as the new capital city of the Nupe Nation.

1827 – John Ezzidio freed from a slaveship and landed in Freetown

1828 – Lapai Emirate annexed Bono and Kafin Koro into Lapai territory

1829 – Shehu Abdurrahman Gbaji murdered at Kere.

1830 – Etsu Idirisu killed by Etsu Zubairu Majiya.

1830 – The Scottish brothers, Richard and John Lander, travelled through KinNupe.

1832 – Mallam Dendo died

1832 – Usman Zaki became first Emir of Nupe.

1833 – Mallam Halilu became the Emir of Gwandu.

1834 – Masaba waged an unsuccessful war against Raba.

1834 – Etsu Masaba at Ilorin and Etsu Usman Zaki at Raba schemed the Gwandu authorities into excising several parts of the Gudu, that is Tsaragi, nation into several parts that were given away to Lafiagi, Tsonga and others.

1837 – Tsado, Etsu Majiya’s son, revolted against the Fulanis

1837 – Tsado, Etsu Majiya’s son, killed near Egbako

1837 – Usman Zaki assumed the title of Etsu Nupe

1841 – Etsu Zubairu Majiya died.

1841 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu came to KinNupe to facilitate a peace conference at Raba.

1841 – Masaba led a second revolt against Usman Zaki

1841 – Etsu Usman Zaki and Umaru Majigi went on exile at Gwandu.

1841 – Masaba became Etsu Nupe after overthrowing Etsu Usman Zaki

1842 – Masaba conquered Zugurma.

1842 – Etsu Tsado attacked Lafiagi and drove out the supporters of Usman Zaki.

1843 – Etsu Tsado attacked Tsonga and drove out the supporters of Usman Zaki.

1845 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu came to KinNupe to settle warring factions.

1845 – John Ezzidio, the Nupe millionaire, became mayor of Freetown

1847 – Dabo, the Nupe ruler of Kano, died

1847 – Civil war in KinNupe as Jiya and Yisa, both Etsu Tsado’s sons, fought for the Etsu Nupe throne.

1847 – Etsu Jiya, son of Etsu Tsado, defeated and fled to Yeni where he died

1847 – Etsu Jiya, son of Etsu Tsado, succeeded by Maza

1847 – Masaba ordered Umaru Bahaushe to crush both Yisa and Maza

1847 – Umaru Bahaushe revolted against Etsu Masaba

1850 – Masaba drove Nupe people out of Tsaragi

1853 – Masaba allowed the Nupe population of Tsaragi to return to Tsaragi

1853 – Etsu Abdulkadiri restored as Emir of Lafiagi.

1854 – Etsu Masaba procured musketeers from the Bale of Ibadan.

1854 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther visited KinNupe.

1854-1856 – Etsu Masaba subjugated the Lafiagi and Lade areas under his absolute control.

1855 – Etsu Maza killed.

1856 – Umaru Bahaushe drowned in the Gbako river

1856 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Ahmadu Saba of Tsaragi died.

1856 – Ndakpwatwa Abubakar became the Etsu Tsaragi.

1857 – Emir Usman Zaki established Bida as the new capital of the Dendo Dynasts

1857 – Dr. Baikie arrived Raba onboard the Dayspring

1858 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu died.

1859 – Emir Usman Zaki died

1859 – Masaba became Emir for the Second Term

1859 – Umaru Nagwamatse, a Nupe prince, turbaned as ‘Sarkin Sudan’.

1860 – Masaba begun the construction of the Bida City Walls

1860 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther published a Primer of the Nupe language

1860 – Masaba built the three great royal palaces, great central mosque and the famous markets of Bida

1860 – Umaru Nagwamatse, the Nupe prince, arrived KinNupe from Sokoto.

1862 – Umaru Nagwamatse stopped from tampering with Abuja (Suleja) Emirate.

1864 – Umaru Nagwamatse, a Nupe prince, established the Kontagora Emirate

1864 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther published a Full Grammar and Vocabulary of the Nupe language

1865 – Jantabo of Lapai and Nagwamatse of Kontagora entered into an agreement on territorial issues

1867 – Etsu Masaba gave away the Western half of KinNupe – including Kontagora, Kagara, Yauri, Mariga, Magama, etc – away to his cousin brother Umaru Nagwamatse.

1868 – Etsu Abdulkadiri of Lafiagi died.

1868 – Etsu Ibrahim Halilu became the Etsu Lafiagi.

1868 – Kpanti or Kwenti Rebellion: Lavun indigenes unsuccessfully marched on Bida.

1871 – Emir Halilu of Gwandu came to settle territorial disputes between the Fulanis of the Bida, Agaie and Lapai emirates

187 – Masaba establish international trade relationship with the Royal Niger Company

1872 – Etsu Mu’azu Isa I of Patigi died

1872 – John Ezzidio died in Freetown

1873 – Masaba died

1873 – Umaru Majigi became Etsu Nupe

1873 – Etsu Masaba died.

1873 – Umaru Majigi became Etsu Nupe.

1876 – Efa Gbagba War, Prince Baba, son of late Etsu Majiya, rebelled against Bida

1878 – Reverend Banfield was born in Quebec, Canada.

1881-1882 – Ganigan Revolt: The Kyadya revolted against Bida

1882 – Etsu Ibrahim Halilu of Lafiagi died.

1882 – Etsu Aliyu became Etsu Lafiagi.

1884 – Etsu Umaru Majigi died

1884 – Etsu Maliki became Etsu Nupe

1885 – Sir George Goldie re-established the Royal Niger Company’s relationship with the Etsu Nupe

1891 – Bishop Samuel Ajayi Crowther died

1895 – Etsu Maliki died

1895 – Etsu Abubakar became Etsu Nupe for the First Term

1896 – Owe protest against Bida’s imposition of children levy

1897 – The British attack Bida in the First Battle of Bida or BBI

1897 – Etsu Abubakar deposed by the British

1897 – Etsu Muhammadu Makun installed by the British

1898 – Patigi Emirate established.

1898 – Idirisu Gana II became Etsu of Patigi

1898 – George Taubman Goldie killed in a battle at Gulu

1899 – Etsu Abubakar reigned for the Second Term till 26 February 1901

1900 – Etsu Idirisu Gana II of Patigi died

1900 – Mu’azu Isa II became the new Etsu of Patigi

1901 – February: Etsu Abubakar Deposed again by the British

1901 – February: Etsu Muhammadu Makun reinstalled again by the British for the Second Term

1901 – Under British rule Nupe Emirate became known as Bida Emirate

1901 – The Colonial Government balkanised the Nupe Nation into a Nupe Province and other provinces.

1901 – Gbari and Kamuku removed from Nupe sovereignty and merged into a Gwari-Kamuku Federation by the Colonial Government.

1901 – Reverend A.W. Banfield arrived KinNupe with three other missionaries.

1902 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Abubakar of Tsaragi died.

1902 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Gwonshi became the Etsu Tsaragi.

1902 – Bida Native Authority was created by the British.

1902 – Reverend Banfield settled down to carry on missionary activities at Patigi.

1904 – Reverend Banfield left KinNupe and went back home to Canada.

1905 – The Colonial Government restored the Ndakpwatwa as the paramount ruler of Tsaragi over the Igbominas.

1905 – Reverend Banfield appointed as the first Superintendent of the Mennonite Brethren in Christ.

1905 – Reverend Banfield came back to KinNupe to continue with his missionary activities.

1905 – Reverend Banfield settled down at Tsonga as his new base for missionary activities.

1906 – Etsu Abubakar came back to Bida and ousted Etsu Muhammadu Makun from power

1906 – The British removed Etsu Abubakar from power again and re-instated Etsu Muhammadu Makun again.

1906 – The Royal Niger Company opened a Canteen in Bida

1906 – The first census of Bida was conducted.

1906 – Reverend Banfield set up the first printing press in Nigeria at Tsonga.

1906 – Reverend Banfield founded the United Missionary Society or UMS at Tsonga.

1908 – Bida Emirate was incorporated in the Niger Province

1908 – Construction of Baro-Kano railway started

1909 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Gonshi of Tsaragi accorded a 3rd Grade Staff of Office by the Colonial Government.

1909 – Bida connected, with a station at Baddegi, by railroad to Baro.

1910-1917 – The Colonial Government reclaimed for the Ndakpwatwa of Tsaragi most of the lands that the Fulani rulers have seized from him in 1834.

1911 – Professor Leo Frobenius, the German anthropologist, visited Bida

1912 – First Western school established at Wadata near Baro

1916 – February 26: Etsu Muhammadu Makun died

1916 – March 6: Etsu Bello installed as Etsu Nupe

1917 – Etsu Ndakpwatwa Gonshi of Tsaragi died.

1917 – Etsu Kpwatwa Jibirilu became the Etsu Tsaragi.

1917 – Reverend Banfield left Tsonga for Lagos.

1918 – Alkali Umaru, a great Nupe Islamic scholar at Bida, died.

1921 – The British administrators banned the Kusogi Ndakogboya cult of the Bida Emirate

1923 – Etsu Mu’azu Isa of Patigi died

1923 – Usman Tsado installed as the new Etsu of Patigi

1926 – Etsu Muhammadu Bello died

1926 – Etsu Saidu Muhammadu became Etsu Nupe

1930 – Reverend Banfield retired from active service.

1931 – Etsu Usman Tsado abdicate the throne as Etsu Patigi

1931 – Umaru became Etsu Patigi

1933 – Etsu Patigi Idirisu Gana born

1935 – February: Etsu Saidu Muhammadu died

1935 – February 28: Etsu Muhammadu Ndayako (Bakudu)

1945 – Share and Zambufu excised from Tsaragi by the Colonial Government.

1956 – Patigi and Lafiagi unsuccessfully tried to form a Federated Native Authority

1961 – January 1st: Bida Electricity was commissioned by Sir Ahmadu Bello Sardaunan Sokoto through the efforts of Alhaji Aliyu Makaman Nupe

1962 – October 29: Etsu Bakudu died

1962 – Usman Sarki became Etsu Nupe.

1962 – The rotation of Etsuship among the three Dendo royal houses was disrupted with the emergence of Usman Sarki from the Masaba House instead of the Usman Zaki house.

1963 – Population of Bida is 55,007 according to 1963 Census

1962 – October 29: Usman Sarki became Etsu Nupe

1968 – Etsu Umaru Gana of Patigi died

1968 – Idirisu Gana III became Etsu Patigi

1969 – October 29: Etsu Usman Sarki deposed

1969 – Etsu Musa Bello became Etsu Nupe

1975 – January 10: Etsu Musa Bello died

1975 – January: Etsu Umaru Sanda became Etsu Nupe

1979 – Alhaji Shehu Ahmadu Musa, from Bida, became the SGF Secretary to the Federal Government (SGF) of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.

1981 – Baddegi Post Office opened.

2003 – September 1: Etsu Umaru Sanda died

2003 – September 12: Etsu Yahaya Abubakar became Etsu Nupe

2007 – The government of Freetown named a street after John Ezzidio, the Nupe man who was the first African to become a millionaire